360 Health Systems Development Initiative Improving access to quality of life for all

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Conflict Sensitivity Analysis of Social Protection

We conducted a conflict sensitivity analysis of Social Protection (SP) programmes in four focal states – Kaduna, Kano, Jigawa and Zamfara, and the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja), with funding from Save the Children International (SCI). In collaboration with our sister organization Idmibok International, we are carried out an assessment to understand the degree of interaction between SP programmes and conflict, as well as identify and recommend best practices for conflict sensitive programming, in relation to SP programming. These states suffer from violent conflicts occasionally, which may negatively impact SP programmes. Thus, it is important to explore avenues that promote, and contribute to peace, without doing harm. Moreso, by unveiling local drivers of social cohesion and mediation, this conflict sensitivity assessment will inform the development of a strategy that ensures that Save the Children’s work in supporting state governments social protection contribute effectively to social cohesion in these states 


Thus, we utilized primary and secondary research methods for the assessment, our team conducted thorough desk reviews, as well as developed and deployed qualitative research instruments for Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs). Researchers were deployed to each state, and they were supported by research assistants. The KIIs and FGDs were conducted simultaneously across the four focal states. Findings from the assessment uncovered the major causes and drivers of conflict. They include political marginalization and exclusion, poverty and unemployment, uneven allocation of resources, social and religious extremism, among others. Furthermore, SP programmes have improved the living and economic conditions of locals, as observed in the states, but they are poorly designed and implemented, thus, causing efficiency gaps. 


We recommend conflict sensitivity be integrated into the overall Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) system for SP programmes; Capacity building on conflict sensitivity for SP program staff should also be adopted diligently. In addition, there should be a deliberate effort to link SP programme policy and implementation to conflict prevention, management, and exclusion.

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Guiding Principles


The purpose of our humanitarian action is to protect life and improve public health and we ensure excellence and dignity of the life of our participants, and all involved in our community of practice. 


Our actions and activities are carried out based on need alone, giving priority to the most urgent cases of distress and making no distinctions based on nationality, race, gender, religious belief, class, or political opinions. We provide an inclusive platform for all without taking side. 


We do not take sides in hostilities or engage in controversies of a political, racial, religious, or ideological nature. We remain resolute and unbiased in our approach to work. 


We are autonomous from the political, economic, military, or other objectives that any actor may hold regarding areas where our activities are being implemented. We maintain quality standards in maintaining our nonalignment stance.